Modular MicroSPAs

Warning – this is just an unstructured thesis and a challenge for myself to find a solution for building applications with microSPAs. There is no real substance here, just me brainstorming and recording thoughts.

I recently had to bring many microSPAs under the control of one application. A microSPA in this context is just a SPA (single page application) that is meant to coexist with other SPAs in a single application. Each SPA is focused on a discrete domain of the application, maybe a decomposition something like microservices.

I only say micro because I have been through exercises to break up server side monolithic APIs into microservices. Now the break up was client side. Take a client side massive SPA or monolith and break out functionality to smaller SPAs then combine them with new SPAs to form a new modular application. This is nothing new, but it is new to me.

MEAN.js has a wonderful structure for discrete modular AngularJS microSPAs.

https://github.com/meanjs/mean/tree/master/modules

The idea is to have a folder containing all of your microSPAs. Each microSPA get’s its own folder. Each microSPA gets its own repository and development life cycle. An example is below, borrowing heavily from MEAN.js. I can’t go into the particulars because this is just a thought from a problem we had with microSPAs, but something I will be involved in solving.

  • app
    • myapp.core <— this is a microSPA
      • client
        • config
        • controllers
        • css
        • directives
        • images
        • models
        • services
          • interceptors
          • socket
        • views
      • server
        • config
        • controllers
        • data
        • models
        • policies
        • routes
        • templates
        • views
      • tests
        • client
          • small
          • medium
          • large
        • server
          • small
          • medium
          • large
      • myapp.core.client.js
    • myapp.stories
    • myapp.users
    • myapp.admin
    • myapp.other_micro_spa

Now the question is, how do you stitch the microSPAs together under one domain name, client context, user session… and manage the entire application across composed micro-SPAs? We need to think about problems areas like:

  • Authentication
  • Root Application and microSPA Level
    • Authorization
    • Routes
    • Menu
    • Layout Templates
    • Static Assets
      • Styles
      • Images
  • Sharing Across MicroSPAs
    • State
    • Components/Modules
    • Dependencies
  • Debugging
  • Testing
  • Delivery Automation (Build, Package, Test, Release)
  • Monitoring and Analytics

How to solve this with AngularJS 1 & 2, React, Vue.js…?

Why am I thinking about this? I just failed gloriously at breaking apart a monolithic SPA and stitching it back together with other SPAs and ran into issues in all of the problem areas above. I didn’t use the MEAN.js architecture or even the structured modular file layout above. The project was done fast and dirty with the only goal of getting the app working again with the new architecture and new SPAs as fast as possible (a few days fast).

The team finished the task, but I was embarrassed by the resulting structure and by many of the hacks we employed to over come issues in the problem areas above. Why we had to accomplish it so fast is another story, so is how we are going to use lessons learned to refactor and address the problem areas above. It’s been a long time since I blogged regularly, but I am hoping to journal our journey and how we solve the issues we faced with microSPAs.

If you have worked with combining multiple SPAs please share, I’m sure there are solutions all over the interwebs.

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